Humans Produce 100x More CO2 Than All Earth's Volcanoes Combined - Physics-Astronomy.org

Humans Produce 100x More CO2 Than All Earth's Volcanoes Combined





According to a decade-long study by an international team of researchers, human CO2 emissions total 100 times more than the planet-warming effects of all volcanoes combined.
The total amount emitted by volcanoes is only about 0.3 gigatons a year - a tiny fraction of the 37 gigatons humankind produced in 2018 alone.
That means they're not nearly as big of a contributor to global emissions as some prevailing theories hold.
"Climate skeptics really jump on volcanoes as a possible contender for top CO2 emissions but it's simply not the case," Marie Edmonds, Professor of Volcanology and Petrology at Queens' College, Cambridge, told told Agence France-Presse.
In the distant past, there have been freak incidents on a similar scale to today's human CO2 output - and they were catastrophic. One such carbon event was the Chicxulub asteroid impact, 66 million years ago, which the scientists estimate to have released anywhere between 425 and 1,400 gigatons of CO2.
But the impact of industrial civilization is now taking a comparable toll.
"The amount of CO2 pumped into the atmosphere by [manmade] activity in the last 10-12 years [is equivalent] to the catastrophic change during these events we've seen in Earth's past," Edmonds told AFP.
"We are on the same level of carbon catastrophe which is a bit sobering," Celina Suarez, Associate Professor of Geology at the University of Arkansas, added.


The team of scientists released a series of papers as part of the so-called Deep Carbon Observatory, a global research program founded in 2009.
Unfortunately, for the Earth to level out carbon dioxide in its atmosphere, it'll be a very long while."It will rebalance itself, but not on a timescale that is of significance to humans," Suarez said.

15 comments:

  1. Am so happy to share this testimony thank you Dr Oduku i never believed i will be herpes negative again despite all i passed through Dr Oduku you are truly sent by God and you can also place your order for Dr Oduku roots and herbs medicine email odukuherbalremediess@gmail.com or what-app number +2347067706774.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Am tracy by name,from Germany, i was diagnosed with Herpes for 6years ago i lived in pain with the knowledge that i wasn't going to ever be well again i contacted so many herbal doctors on this issue and wasted a large sum of money but my condition never got better i was determined to get my life back so one day i saw mrs neme amber post on how Dr Emmanuel saved him from the VIRUS with herbal medicine i contacted Dr Emmanuel on his email address: nativehealthclinic@gmail.com or WhatsApp +2348140073965 we spoke on the issue i told him all that i went through and he told me not to worry that everything will be fine again so he prepared the medicine and send it to me through courier service and told me how to use it,after 18days of usage I went to see the doctor for test ,then the result was negative,am the happiest woman on earth now. this testimony .is real.thanks to Dr Emmanuel God bless you...

      Delete

    2. I have been suffering from HIV and Genital Herpes for the past 3 years and 8 months, and ever since then i have been taking series of treatment but there was no improvement until i came across testimonies of Dr TAKUTA on how he has been curing different people from different diseases all over the world, then i contacted him as well. After our conversation he sent me the medicine which i took according to his instructions. When i was done taking the herbal medicine i went for a medical checkup and to my greatest surprise i was cured from Herpes. My heart is so filled with joy. If you are suffering from Herpes or any other disease you can contact Dr TAKUTA today on this Email address: takutaspellalter@gmail.com or WhatsApp him on this Tell.Number +27788634102....

      Dr.TAKUTA also cures:
      1. HEPATITIS A,B,C
      2. HERPES 1/2
      3.DIABETES
      4.STROKE.
      5.STDS and STI
      6. MARRIAGE COUNSELLING
      7.LOVE SPELL CASTING
      8.JOB PROMOTION SPELLS
      9.MARITAL PROBLEM
      10.MAGIC MONEY SPELLS














      I have been suffering from HIV and Genital Herpes for the past 3 years and 8 months, and ever since then i have been taking series of treatment but there was no improvement until i came across testimonies of Dr TAKUTA on how he has been curing different people from different diseases all over the world, then i contacted him as well. After our conversation he sent me the medicine which i took according to his instructions. When i was done taking the herbal medicine i went for a medical checkup and to my greatest surprise i was cured from Herpes. My heart is so filled with joy. If you are suffering from Herpes or any other disease you can contact Dr TAKUTA today on this Email address: takutaspellalter@gmail.com or WhatsApp him on this Tell.Number +27788634102....

      Dr.TAKUTA also cures:
      1. HEPATITIS A,B,C
      2. HERPES 1/2
      3.DIABETES
      4.STROKE.
      5.STDS and STI
      6. MARRIAGE COUNSELLING
      7.LOVE SPELL CASTING
      8.JOB PROMOTION SPELLS
      9.MARITAL PROBLEM
      10.MAGIC MONEY SPELLS





















      I have been suffering from HIV and Genital Herpes for the past 3 years and 8 months, and ever since then i have been taking series of treatment but there was no improvement until i came across testimonies of Dr TAKUTA on how he has been curing different people from different diseases all over the world, then i contacted him as well. After our conversation he sent me the medicine which i took according to his instructions. When i was done taking the herbal medicine i went for a medical checkup and to my greatest surprise i was cured from Herpes. My heart is so filled with joy. If you are suffering from Herpes or any other disease you can contact Dr TAKUTA today on this Email address: takutaspellalter@gmail.com or WhatsApp him on this Tell.Number +27788634102....

      Dr.TAKUTA also cures:
      1. HEPATITIS A,B,C
      2. HERPES 1/2
      3.DIABETES
      4.STROKE.
      5.STDS and STI
      6. MARRIAGE COUNSELLING
      7.LOVE SPELL CASTING
      8.JOB PROMOTION SPELLS
      9.MARITAL PROBLEM
      10.MAGIC MONEY SPELLS



























      I have been suffering from HIV and Genital Herpes for the past 3 years and 8 months, and ever since then i have been taking series of treatment but there was no improvement until i came across testimonies of Dr TAKUTA on how he has been curing different people from different diseases all over the world, then i contacted him as well. After our conversation he sent me the medicine which i took according to his instructions. When i was done taking the herbal medicine i went for a medical checkup and to my greatest surprise i was cured from Herpes. My heart is so filled with joy. If you are suffering from Herpes or any other disease you can contact Dr TAKUTA today on this Email address: takutaspellalter@gmail.com or WhatsApp him on this Tell.Number +27788634102....

      Dr.TAKUTA also cures:
      1. HEPATITIS A,B,C
      2. HERPES 1/2
      3.DIABETES
      4.STROKE.
      5.STDS and STI
      6. MARRIAGE COUNSELLING
      7.LOVE SPELL CASTING
      8.JOB PROMOTION SPELLS
      9.MARITAL PROBLEM
      10.MAGIC MONEY SPELLS









































      Delete
    3. I'm so exited to share my testimonies about the Good Work of Dr. Udebhu who get me cured from herpes simplex virus (HSV1&2) with his herbs, I never thought that I will live on earth before the year runs out. I have been suffering from herpes, I had spent a lot of money going from one Hospital to another looking for way to get rid of this disease, the hospital have been my home everyday residence. Constant checks up have been my hobby not until this faithful day, I was searching
       through the internet, I saw a testimony on how Dr.Udebhu helped someone in curing his herpes disease using his healing
       Herbs, quickly I copied his email just to give him a test I spoke to him, he told me that he is going to provide the herbal cure to me, which he
      did, after i receive his herbs and i take it as instructed i was cure permanently from herpes my herpes disease was gone. so I decided to share my testimony, that nothing is impossible with God, God use a man to healed me. No matter what you are passing through, no matter how deadly the sickness is and no matter what the situation is God that did mine is still going to do yours, people suffering from herpes, brain tumor, kidney disease, pcos, AIDS, ALS,copd, asthma, athritis,herpes, Cancer,Hpv, any kind of disease, you can rich him now via ? Gmail address: drudebhuherbalhome@gmail.com or whatsapp +2349051254152  

      Delete
    4. MY DAUGHTER CANCER HEALING TESTIMONEY

      Hi everyone, this is good news, a perfect and greats one. My daughter of
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      daughter healthy again.Meet Dr voodoo and set yourself and your love ones
      will free you can also add Dr voodoo on whatsApp +2348140120719

      Delete
  2. I am excited to share this testimony, I was 3 years ago diagnosed of fibroid and complicated Endometriosis. My medical condition was heart broken because it was causing my menstrual cramps,bloating before menstrual periods,lower abdominal pressure which result to heavy periods. I was subjected to different medications by my doctor for treatment . Despite my visit to several doctors my health wasn't getting better, all they could say was surgery. At the verge of giving up, I went to the internet to search for a treatment at least. But I found a cure instead. In the internet, I read a testimony of a lady who had Fibroid. She shared an e-mail address of the Doctor. Luckily everything seemed to be okay after I took the Herbal Medicine. I wish I could say that’s the end of it because I haven't had any symptoms since then. Do not expose yourself to more danger, use a herbal remedy that is safe and effective. if anyone here need help in curing his/her fibroid or trying to conceive should also contact him also have herbal medicine for HIV, Herpes, Cancer, Hepatitis etc and deal with spiritual problems too once again you can email him via email address drafridherbalhome@gmail.com. or call/whatsApp him on +2349057260738, you can still know more about him on his website:http://drafridherbalhome.webs.com  

    ReplyDelete

  3. Herbal Penis Enlargement product is 100% guarantee to Enlarge and get a better ERECTION ,
    the reason why most people are finding it difficult
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    Contact Dr Aziba via Email : PRIESTAZIBASOLUTIONCENTER@GMAIL.COM or via WhatsApp : +2348100368288 for Natural root and herbal remedies put together to help you get Enlarge and Erect healthy.
    Thank you.

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  4. My Name is Dr, Aflaki you can Contact Me via Email (Aflakiherbalcure@gmail.com) For Penis Enlargement Product To Help You Get As Long As 8 inches Long With Good Erection,,,He also specializes in the following Things (1)Herpes Virus(2)Chronic Venous Disease(3)HIV/Aids(4)Weak Erection

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  5. HOW I GOT CURE FROM HERPES VIRUS WITH THE HELP OF HERBAL MEDICINE . i was diagnosed with HERPES VIRUS 3years know, i lived in sorrow, pain, and difficulties , i contacted so many doctors on this issue and spent so much money to ensure that my health comes back normal but my condition never got better, i was determined to get my life back so one day, a friend of mine who was infected with the herpes virus called me and told me that she was cure by a HERBAL DOCTOR who's name is DR ABIOLA HERBAL MEDICINE, She told me that he has saved many lifes from the HERPES VIRUS and other virus and disease like, HIV, CANCER, ALS DISEASE, and so many illness with his POWERFUL HERBAL MEDICINE i contacted Dr ABIOLA on his email address we spoke on the issue i told him all that i went through and he told me not to worry that everything will be fine again so he prepared the herbal medicine and send it to me through DHL courier delivering service and told me how to use it,after some days i begin to notice a very huge changes in my body, all the symptoms were eliminated completely, no weakness or stiffness, i am perfectly okay, i am so healthy and perfect in my health after taking doctor ABIOLA herbal medicine, i am perfectly healthy and okay then i realize that this herbal medicine is really working, than after the 21days of usage I went to see the doctor for test ,then the result was negative,am the happiest human on earth now. this testimony is we go around the world.

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    HERPES ,Flu ,Scabies ,Lupose,diabete , HPV, Glaucoma ,Dermatitis , OVARIAN CYST

    ReplyDelete
  6. HOW I GOT MY EX HUSBAND BACK WITH THE HELP OF REAL AND EFFECTIVE SPELL FROM DR Osasu My name is Olivia Jayden, I never thought I will smile again, My husband left me with two kids for one year, All effort to bring him back failed I thought I'm not going to see him again not until I met a lady called Jesse who told me about a spell caster called Dr. Osasu , She gave me his email address and mobile number and I contacted him and he assured me that within 48hours my husband will come back to me, In less than 48hours my husband came back started begging for forgiveness saying it is the devils work, so I'm still surprise till now about this miracle,i couldn't conceive but as soon as the spell was cast,i became pregnant and gave birth to my third child,if you need any assistance from him you can contact him via:email: drosasu25@gmail.com Or WhatsApp or call him now:
    +2347064365391 . Dr.Osasu also cures: 1. HIV / AIDS 2. HERPES 1/2 3. CANCER 4. ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease) 5. Hepatitis B

    ReplyDelete
  7. I want to share a testimony of how Dr UDI  herbal mixture cream saved me from shame and disgrace, my penis was a big problem to me as the size was really so embarrassing ,and i was also having weak erection problem i had so many relationship called off because of my situation,m i have used so many product which i found online but none could offer me the help i searched for Which was very painful and then i saw some few testimonies about this herbal specialist called Dr UDI and decided to email him on so I gave his herbal product a try. i emailed him and he got back to me and we discussed, he gave me some comforting words and encouraged me also ans then gave me his herbal pills and cream for Penis Enlargement Within 1 week of it, i began to feel the enlargement of my penis, " and now it just 2 weeks of using his products my penis is about 10 inches longer and am so happy contact Dr UDI via (drudiherbalhome@gmail.com) Via whatapp +2348051243538 or view is website https://drudiblogaddress.blogspot.co/   https://drudiherba.home.blog:

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  8. There are some interesting points in time in this article but I don?t know if I see all of them center to heart. There is some validity but I will take hold opinion until I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want more! Added to FeedBurner as well
    Diabetes Foot Specialist in Lahore

    ReplyDelete
  9. I have been suffering from (HERPES) disease for the last four years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year, I had faith in God that I would be healed someday.This disease started to circulate all over my body and I have been taking treatment from my doctor, a few weeks ago I came on search on the internet if I could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search I saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (Hepatitis B and Cancer) by this Man Dr. Silver and she also gave the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so I wrote to Dr. Silver telling him about my (HERPES Virus) he told me not to worry that I was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later I started experiencing changes all over me as the Dr. assured me that I have cured, after some time i went to my doctor to confirmed if I have been finally healed behold it was TRUE, So friends my advice is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email Dr. Silver (drsilverhealingtemple@gmail.com) sir I am indeed grateful for the help I will forever recommend you to my friends!!! with your lovely Email Address ( drsilverhealingtemple@gmail.com or whatsapp him on +2348123877102

    ReplyDelete
  10. Am tracy by name,from Germany, i was diagnosed with Herpes for 6years ago i lived in pain with the knowledge that i wasn't going to ever be well again i contacted so many herbal doctors on this issue and wasted a large sum of money but my condition never got better i was determined to get my life back so one day i saw mrs neme amber post on how Dr Emmanuel saved him from the VIRUS with herbal medicine i contacted Dr Emmanuel on his email address: nativehealthclinic@gmail.com or WhatsApp +2348140073965 we spoke on the issue i told him all that i went through and he told me not to worry that everything will be fine again so he prepared the medicine and send it to me through courier service and told me how to use it,after 18days of usage I went to see the doctor for test ,then the result was negative,am the happiest woman on earth now. this testimony .is real.thanks to Dr Emmanuel God bless you...

    ReplyDelete
  11. I'm so exited to share my testimonies about the Good Work of Dr. Udebhu who get me cured from herpes simplex virus (HSV1&2) with his herbs, I never thought that I will live on earth before the year runs out. I have been suffering from herpes, I had spent a lot of money going from one Hospital to another looking for way to get rid of this disease, the hospital have been my home everyday residence. Constant checks up have been my hobby not until this faithful day, I was searching
     through the internet, I saw a testimony on how Dr.Udebhu helped someone in curing his herpes disease using his healing
     Herbs, quickly I copied his email just to give him a test I spoke to him, he told me that he is going to provide the herbal cure to me, which he
    did, after i receive his herbs and i take it as instructed i was cure permanently from herpes my herpes disease was gone. so I decided to share my testimony, that nothing is impossible with God, God use a man to healed me. No matter what you are passing through, no matter how deadly the sickness is and no matter what the situation is God that did mine is still going to do yours, people suffering from herpes, brain tumor, kidney disease, pcos, AIDS, ALS,copd, asthma, athritis,herpes, Cancer,Hpv, any kind of disease, you can rich him now via ? Gmail address: drudebhuherbalhome@gmail.com or whatsapp +2349051254152  

    ReplyDelete

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