Monsters of the early on Cosmos "Origin of Super-massive Black Holes-Found" -

Monsters of the early on Cosmos "Origin of Super-massive Black Holes-Found"

Our finding, if confirmed, would give details how these monster black holes were born,” said Fabio Pacucci, guide author of the study, of Scuola Normal Superiore in Pisa, Italy. "This latest result helps to give details why we see super massive black holes less than one billion years after the Big Bang."
For years astronomers have debate how the first generation of super massive black holes formed extremely quickly, comparatively speaking, following the Big Bang. Now, an Italian team has identified two objects in the early on Universe that seem to be the source of these early super massive black holes. The 2 objects represent the majority promising black hole seed candidate found so far. Using data from Hubble and two extra space telescopes, Italian researchers have found the top proof yet for the seeds that in the end grow into these cosmic giants.

There are two major theories to explain the configuration of supermassive black holes in the near the beginning Universe. One assumes that the seeds produce out of black holes with a mass about ten to a hundred times better than our Sun, as predictable for the collapse of a massive star. The black hole seeds then grow through merger with other small black holes and by pulling in gas from their environs. However, they would have to grow at an unusually high rate to arrive at the mass of supermassive black holes already exposed in the billion years young Universe.
The picture above shows one of two detected supermassive black hole seeds, OBJ29323, as it is seen by the NASA Chandra Space Telescope. The property of the X-ray data match those predict by models shaped by the Italian research team.
The collection used computer models and applied a new analysis technique to data from the NASA Chandra X-ray Observatory, the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, and the NASA Spitzer Space Telescope to discover and identify the two objects. Both of these recently discovered black hole seed candidate are seen less than a billion years after the Big Bang and have an initial mass of about 100 000 times the Sun..
The new findings hold up another scenario where at slightest some very massive black hole seeds with 100 000 times the mass of the Sun formed straight when a massive cloud of gas collapses. In this case the increase of the black holes would be jump started, and would proceed additional quickly. Black hole seeds shaped through the collapse of a huge cloud of gas bypass any other intermediate phases such as the formation and subsequent obliteration of a massive star.
“There is a group of controversy over which path these black holes take,” said Andrea Ferrara, co-author of the learn, also of Scuola Normale Superiore. “Our work suggests we are converge on one answer, where black holes establish big and grow at the normal rate, rather than starting small and rising at a very fast rate.
Black hole seeds are very hard to find and confirming their detection is extremely difficult," explained Andrea Grazian, a co-author from the National organization for Astrophysics in Italy. "However, we think our research has exposed the two best candidates so far.”
Monsters of the early on Cosmos "Origin of Super-massive Black Holes-Found"
Even though together black hole seed candidate match the theoretical predictions, further comments are needed to confirm their true nature. To completely distinguish between the two formation theories, it will also be essential to find more candidates.

The team plans to conduct follow-up observations in X-rays and in the infrared range to check whether the two objects have additional of the properties expected for black hole seeds. Future observatories, like the NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Space Telescope and the European very Large Telescope will certainly blot a breakthrough in this field, by detecting even smaller and extra distant black holes.

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