Breaking News Happy Birthday, Einstein! The Incredible life of the World’s Most Beloved Scientist

Exactly 137 years ago - on 14 March 1879 - Pauline Koch gave birth to a boy whom she named Albert Einstein. Not considered to be smart or advanced as a child, Einstein went on to become the most brilliant scientist of his age. Some even say that we will never see the likes of another Einstein again.
Here's how a man, who "had no understanding of how to relate to people", became history's most beloved scientist.
Albert Einstein was the elder of two - his younger sister, Maria Einstein, was born about two years later in November 1881.
Einstein reportedly was slow in learning how to talk. That, combined with his tendency to whisper words softly to himself before saying them aloud led the family maid to nick name him "der Depperte" - the dopey one. 
Breaking News Happy Birthday, Einstein! The Incredible life of the World’s Most Beloved Scientist

One year after Einstein was born, his father, mother, and uncle moved to Munich - to establish an electrical engineering company - where Einstein earned the bulk of his early education.
The secondary school he attended was eventually named after him and called the Albert Einstein Gymnasium before merging with another school in 2010.
Einstein began violin lessons at age 5 but didn't enjoy music until age 13, when he discovered Mozart's violin sonatas. After that, the young genius was hooked and would play the violin in string quartets later as a young adult and throughout the rest of his life.
"Mozart's music is so pure and beautiful that I see it as a reflection of the inner beauty of the universe itself," Einstein later told a friend.
Originally, Einstein was destined to take over the family business, but when it failed in 1894, Einstein's family moved to northern Italy.
It was there in Italy, that a teenage Einstein wrote what today is referred to as his first scientific paper, which investigated the nature of the ether - a hypothetical consequence of how light travels through space that Einstein later disproved. Before his death, Einstein published a total of more than 300 scientific papers.
In April, 1933 Germany's new government passed a law that prevented Jews from holding any official positions - including academic ones.
For the following few months, Einstein was unemployed. He eventually emigrated to the US in October 1933 where he took a position at Princeton University, but not before writing letters to countries asking that they take in unemployed German-Jewish scientists. His letters reportedly saved over 1,000 individuals.
Two years later, Einstein applied for US citizenship, eventually earning it in 1940.
Being a victim of anti-semitism, Einstein was an outspoken civil rights advocate.
After Einstein moved to New Jersey, he soon became aware of the separate schools and theatres for blacks and whites. These blatantly racist elements of the American culture were what Einstein called the country's "worst disease".
To counteract racism in America, Einstein openly befriended African Americans such as actor Paul Robeson and opera star Mariam Anderson, and publicly encouraged the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People.
But there was another problem that Einstein was aware of by the late '30s: nuclear fission.

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