Scientists have Recreated an Elusive form of the Material that makes up much of the Giant Planets in our Solar System, and the Sun.


Scientists have Recreated an Elusive form of the Material that makes up much of the Giant Planets in our Solar System, and the Sun.
Experiments have given a glimpse of a previously unseen form of hydrogen that exists only at tremendously high pressures -- more than 3 million times that of Earth's atmosphere. Hydrogen which is among the most plentiful basics in the Universe -- is thought to be found in this high-pressure form in the interiors of Jupiter and Saturn. Researchers around the world have been trying for years to create this form of the component, known as the metallic state, which is considered to be the holy grail of this field of physics. It is believed that this form of hydrogen makes up most of the interiors of Jupiter and Saturn. The metallic and atomic form of hydrogen, formed at significant pressures, was first theorized to exist 80 years ago. Scientists have tried to confirm this in lab experiments across the past four decades, without success. In this latest study from a team of physicists at the University of Edinburgh, researchers used a pair of diamonds to squeeze hydrogen molecules to record pressures, while analyzing their behaviors.

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